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Reichenbach’s Common Cause Principle

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[New Entry by Christopher Hitchcock and Miklós Rédei on January 13, 2020.] The Common Cause Principle was introduced by Hans Reichenbach, in The Direction of Time, which was published posthumously in 1956. Suppose that two events A and B are positively correlated: (p(Acap B)gp(A)p(B)). Suppose, moreover, that neither event is a cause of the other. Then, Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle (RCCP) states that A and B will have a common cause that renders them conditionally independent. Reichenbach incorporated his RCCP into a new probablistic...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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