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2019 (and '18) in review

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(Past annual reviews: 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, and 2004.)I didn't get around to this last year due to being in the midst of an international move (not an easy process with a toddler, to put it mildly, but worth it nonetheless).  So I guess this post can serve to summarize my past two years of blogging...Epistemology, Metaethics, and Mind* Philosophical Expertise, Deference, and Intransigence argues that we should only be moved by peer disagreement (and related phenomena) when we take the other person's views to be evidence of what we ourselves would conclude upon ideal reflection.  So there's no epistemic pressure to defer to even your acknowledged "philosophical superiors" if their starting points are too different from your own.* Why a related (intransigence-based) argument against cognitivism goes wrong.* On Parfit on Knowing What Matters - responding to Parfit's response to my paper. (Includes a summary of my original paper's central claims.)* Ambiguously Normative Testimony - why Bedke's objection to non-naturalism over-generalizes.* Normativity for Value Realists -- if you don't believe in (genuine) "Nazi value" you shouldn't believe in (genuine) "Nazi reasons" either.  (May have converted Norcross to normative realism!)* Sub-experiences and Minimal Duration -- what's the best way to make sense of experiences that have a minimum duration?Applied Ethics* How to Make a Difference -- exposing the fallacy in claims that "individual action" is necessarily inefficacious in the face of global problems.* Three kinds of offsetting -- exploring what kinds of harms can (or cannot) be morally "offset", and why.* Worthless Harm-Prevention and Non-Existence -- how some great harms might nonetheless not be worthwhile to prevent.* Is Price-Gouging Good? - maybe!* Police Shootings: Mortal Threats vs Tragic Mistakes - how. . .

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