Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Philosopher of the Month – A 2019 Review

Philosophy News image
As 2019 draws to a close, we look back at the philosophers who have featured in our monthly Philosopher of the Month posts and their significant contribution to philosophy and the history of intellectual thought.Discover more about these philosophers, their works, and schools of thought by clicking on the links below, and let us know who your favourite philosophers are in the comment box beneath the post.William James (1842–1910) was an American psychologist and philosopher, a brother of Henry James, a Harvard professor of philosophy and psychology, and one of the founders of American Pragmatism alongside Charles Sanders Peirce. His first major work, The Principles of Psychology (1890) in two volumes brought together physiology, experimental psychology, philosophy, elements of pragmatism, and phenomenology. James coined the famous expression, a “stream of consciousness,” now widely used as literary term, to suggest that the human experience was characterized by a complex mental flux of thoughts.Plato (c. 428–348 BC) was an Athenian philosopher and a dominant philosophical figure of classical antiquity. Socrates taught him and was a formative influence on Plato. He founded the Athenian Academy, which was regarded as the first institution devoted to philosophy and mathematical enquiry, whose most famous pupil was Aristotle.  Plato wrote most of his works in dialogue form. Among his masterpieces are The Republic, an extended dialogue in which he outlines his view of an ideal state and develops a comparison between justice and order in the soul; and Symposium, and Phaedrus which contain profound ideas on the true nature of love.Philippa Foot (1920–2010) was a British moral philosopher who contributed to the revival of the Aristotelian virtue ethics and for the move away the emotivism and prescriptivism among the Oxford philosophers of the nineteen-sixties and later. She was one of the prominent female philosophers, including Elizabeth Anscombe, Mary Midgley, and the. . .

Continue reading . . .

News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

blog comments powered by Disqus