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Philosopher of The Month: Maurice Merleau-Ponty [slideshow]

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This July, the OUP Philosophy team honors Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-61) as their Philosopher of the Month.  Merleau-Ponty was a French phenomenologist and together with Sartre founded the existential philosophy. His work draws on the empirical psychology, the early phenomenology of Husserl, Saussure’s structuralism as well as Heidegger’s ontology. His most famous work Phénoménologie de la Perception (1945, Phenomenology of Perception) established Merleau-Ponty as the philosopher of the body. The body is the centre of perceptions and medium of consciousness.  By this, he emphasized the way in which our experience does not form a shut-off private domain, but a way of being-in-the world in which the lived body and the perceptible world coexist internally. It is through this body-world co-existence, called intersubjectivity, that all meanings originate. Merleau-Ponty thus opposes purely scientific thinking for their explanation of human experience, and all notions of dualism such as the. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

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