Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Tanks on the 4th?

While Trump passed on the opportunity to see tanks rolling through cities during the Vietnam War, he decided to bring the tanks to Washington DC for his 4th of July event. As with all things Trump, this event is a matter of great controversy. As with most controversial things in these partisan times, opinions tend [More]

Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples

[Revised entry by Richard J. Oosterhoff on July 3, 2019. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples (c. 1450 - 1536) taught philosophy at the University of Paris from around 1490 to 1508, and then applied his erudition and textual scholarship to biblical studies and religious reform. Lefevre traveled to Italy in 1491, 1500, and 1507. There he sought out Ermolao Barbaro, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Marsilio Ficino, Angelo Poliziano, and other famous humanists. He himself became famous for the many introductions, commentaries, and editions relating to philosophical works [More]

Philosophy on Twitter & YouTube – Quarterly Update

Here’s the “Philosophy on Twitter & YouTube” Quarterly Update from Kelly Truelove of TrueSciPhi. Philosophy on Twitter & YouTube – Quarterly Update (Q2 2019) by Kelly Truelove TrueSciPhi.org features a variety of lists and statistics regarding philosophy communities on social media including Twitter, podcasts, and YouTube. For project background, please see the previous quarterly update. This update focuses on philosophers & philosophy organizations on Twitter. Twitter Follower Growth The TrueSciPhi site tracks over 500 philosophers on Twitter who each have over 1,000 followers. Lists of those who have gained the most followers (on a percentage basis) in the past week, month, quarter, and year can be found here. The top gainers in Q2: 1K-10K followers 10K+ followers @apsullivan 143% @jasonintrator 44% @DSilvermint 129% @christapeterso 29% @emilytwrites 46% @MarinaGarces 28% @AmneMachin 44% @phl43 26% @RebeccaBuxton 43% @Docstockk 25% @jennfrey 43% @scottjshapiro 21% @rinireg 41% @Roger_Scruton 19% @lsanger 41% @kate_manne 18% @morallawwithin 39% @ShaikhaBinjasim 17% @philosophiclee 37% @BenceNanay 16% None of the accounts in the 1K-10K tier were on the equivalent list for Q1. In contrast, six of the accounts in the 10K+ tier are making repeat appearances (@jasonintrator, @Docstockk, @Roger_Scruton, @kate_manne, @ ShaikhaBinjasim, and @BenceNanay), and a seventh (@christapeterso) previously was on the 1K-10K tier list. Tiering accounts in this [More]

How feminism becomes a tool of neo-imperialism

Serene Khader explores the theory of "missionary feminism," a set of epistemic values that creates a filter for the Western world to view the situations of “other” non-Western world women, for gain. The post How feminism becomes a tool of neo-imperialism appeared first on OUPblog.         Related StoriesIt’s not you, it’s me: the problem of incivility#MeToo and Mental Health: Gender Parity in the Field of PsychiatryLGBT Pride month timeline: The 50th anniversary of the Stonewall [More]

#62 - Häggström on AI Motivations and Risk Denialism

In this episode I talk to Olle Häggström. Olle is a professor of mathematical statistics at Chalmers University of Technology and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (KVA) and of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (IVA). Olle’s main research is in probability theory and statistical mechanics, but in recent years he has broadened his research interests to focus applied statistics, philosophy, climate science, artificial intelligence and social consequences of future technologies. He is the author of Here be Dragons: Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity (OUP 2016). We talk about AI motivations, specifically the Omohundro-Bostrom theory of AI motivation and its weaknesses. We also discuss AI risk denialism.You can download the episode here or listen below. You can also subscribe to the podcast on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher and a variety of other podcasting services (the RSS feed is here). Show Notes0:00 - Introduction2:02 - Do we need to define AI?4:15 - The Omohundro-Bostrom theory of AI motivation7:46 - Key concepts in the Omohundro-Bostrom Theory: Final Goals vs Instrumental Goals10:50 - The Orthogonality Thesis14:47 - The Instrumental Convergence Thesis20:16 - Resource Acquisition as an Instrumental Goal22:02 - The importance of goal-content integrity25:42 - Deception as an Instrumental Goal29:17 - How the doomsaying argument works31:46 - Critiquing the theory: the problem of self-referential final goals36:20 - The problem of incoherent [More]

Bad Words: Philosophical Perspectives on Slurs

2019.07.02 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews David Sosa (ed.), Bad Words: Philosophical Perspectives on Slurs, Oxford University Press, 2018, 235pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198758655. Reviewed by Ralph DiFranco, Auburn University Over the last decade, pejorative language has emerged as one of the most popular topics in the philosophy of language. David Sosa's book is a collection of papers by major players in the field. Several of the chapters are devoted to refining and defending views an author had previously advanced in print, though some entries explore uncharted territory. Topics under discussion include the process by which a slur is appropriated by its target group, whether a slurring word and its neutral counterpart term encode the same semantic content, and the nature of slurs' derogatory power, specifically their capacity to express derogatory attitudes and harm their targets. In what follows I canvass several papers, raise a few challenges to the views defended therein, and... Read [More]

Disability and Justice

[Revised entry by Daniel Putnam, David Wasserman, Jeffrey Blustein, and Adrienne Asch on July 2, 2019. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Among the topics in philosophy and disability, the relationship between disability and justice has received the lion's share of attention. No doubt this is in part because justice, often regarded as the "first virtue of social institutions" (Rawls 1971: 3), is central to the evaluation of social policies and public institutions. But it is also because disability has played at least two distinct roles in recent discussions of social justice. First, disability has been seen by many as a paradigm example of [More]