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AI and Sexuality (New Paper)

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I have new paper. This one is set to appear in the Oxford Handbook of the Ethics of AI, which is edited by Markus Dubber, Frank Pasquale and Sunit Das. The book isn't out yet. I believe it is due out in the Autumn/Fall. You can access the penultimate draft at the links below.Title: SexualityBook: The Oxford Handbook of the Ethics of Artificial IntelligenceLinks: Philpapers; Researchgate; AcademiaAbstract:  Sex is an important part of human life. It is a source of pleasure and intimacy, and is integral to many people's self-identity. This chapter examines the opportunities and challenges posed by the use of AI in how humans express and enact their sexualities. It does so by focusing on three main issues. First, it considers the idea of digisexuality, which according to McArthur and Twist (2017) is the label that should be applied to those 'whose primary sexual identity comes through the use of technology', particularly through the use of robotics and AI. While agreeing that this phenomenon is worthy of greater scrutiny, the chapter questions whether it is necessary or socially desirable to see this as a new form of sexual identity. Second, it looks at the role that AI can play in facilitating human-to-human sexual contact, focusing in particular on the use of self-tracking and predictive analytics in optimising sexual and intimate behaviour. There are already a number of apps and services that promise to use AI to do this, but they pose a range of ethical risks that need to be addressed at both an individual and societal level. Finally, it considers the idea that a sophisticated form of AI could be an object of love. Can we be truly intimate with something that has been 'programmed' to love us? Contrary to the widely-held view, this chapter argues that this is indeed possible.   #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this. . .

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News source: Philosophical Disquisitions

Guns in Cars

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While many American cities have seen a significant increase in the number of guns stolen from often unlocked cars, Tennessee seems to be the leader in this area. In 2016 2,203 guns were reported stolen from vehicles. In 2017 4,064 thefts were reported. The causes of the increase are no mystery. One factor is the law. Tennessee passed a law that allowed people to keep guns in their vehicles without a permit or any training. As would be suspected, this helped increase the number of people keeping guns in their vehicles. A second factor is fear: people worry about violence and anecdotes of car jackings abound. Hence people are more likely to carry a gun in their vehicle. A third factor is that when more people have guns, more people want to have guns because they are worried about the other people who have guns. This motivates both the carrying and theft of guns. Image Credit Because some of the stolen guns are being used in crimes, there has been a proposal in Tennessee to make it a crime to fail to secure a gun stored in a vehicle. As would be expected, this proposal has met with strong opposition. One argument against the proposal is based on the claim that it would make criminals out of law-abiding citizens. One obvious reply is that this is true of any new law that makes something a crime. What was legal is now a crime, thus citizens who were law-abiding would be criminals if they did not obey the new law. But, as with any law, there is the question of whether it would be a good law. It could also be argued that the gun owner is, obviously, the victim when their gun is stolen, and they should not be punished for failing to protect their property from theft. To use an analogy, surely no one would ever blame the victim of a sexual assault for being assaulted and to suggest that the victim should have been more cautious would be wrong. Likewise, for people who leave guns unsecured in cars. A such, the law should focus on punishing the thief rather than the. . .

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News source: A Philosopher's Blog

#59 - Torres on Existential Risk, Omnicidal Agents and Superintelligence

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In this episode I talk to Phil Torres. Phil is an author and researcher who primarily focuses on existential risk. He is currently a visiting researcher at the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk at Cambridge University. He has published widely on emerging technologies, terrorism, and existential risks, with articles appearing in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Futures, Erkenntnis, Metaphilosophy, Foresight, Journal of Future Studies, and the Journal of Evolution and Technology. He is the author of several books, including most recently Morality, Foresight, and Human Flourishing: An Introduction to Existential Risks. We talk about the problem of apocalyptic terrorists, the proliferation dual-use technology and the governance problem that arises as a result. This is both a fascinating and potentially terrifying discussion.You can download the episode here or listen below. You can also subscribe on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher and a variety of other podcasting services (the RSS feed is here). Show Notes0:00 – Introduction3:14 – What is existential risk? Why should we care?8:34 – The four types of agential risk/omnicidal terrorists17:51 – Are there really omnicidal terror agents?20:45 – How dual-use technology give apocalyptic terror agents the means to their desired ends27:54 – How technological civilisation is uniquely vulernable to omnicidal agents32:00 – Why not just stop creating dangerous technologies?36:47 – Making the case for mass surveillance41:08 – Why mass surveillance must be asymmetrical45:02 – Mass surveillance, the problem of false positives and dystopian governance56:25 – Making the case for benevolent superintelligent governance1:02:51 – Why advocate for something so fantastical?1:06:42 – Is an anti-tech solution any more fantastical than a benevolent AI solution?1:10:20 – Does it all just come down to values: are you a techno-optimist or a techno-pessimist?Relevant LinksPhil’s webpage‘Superintelligence and the Future of Governance:
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News source: Philosophical Disquisitions

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