Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Socialism

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[New Entry by Pablo Gilabert and Martin O'Neill on July 15, 2019.] Socialism is a rich tradition of political thought and practice, the history of which contains a vast number of views and theories, often differing in many of their conceptual, empirical, and normative commitments. In his 1924 Dictionary of Socialism, Angelo Rappoport canvassed no fewer than forty definitions of socialism, telling his readers in the book's preface that "there are many mansions in the House of Socialism" (Rappoport 1924: v, 34 - 41). To take even a relatively restricted subset of socialist...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Political Views of Philosophy Majors

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U.S. philosophy majors in the are more likely to have favorable attitudes towards socialism than undergraduates majoring in other subjects, according to a new poll by College Pulse. The poll surveyed 10,590 undergraduates. According to it, 39% of philosophy majors had a “very favorable” view of socialism, more than any other major and nearly double that of the next highest group—English majors—at 21%. Another 39% of philosophy majors have a “somewhat favorable” view of socialism, leading both College Pulse and Newsweek to report the results with this headline: “Almost 80% of Philosophy Majors Favor Socialism.” (Note to journalists: if you write about philosophers, you can expect them to point out things like the equivocation between the modest sense of “favorable” in the poll questions and the all-things-considered comparative implication of “favor” in the headline—that is, having even a very favorable view of socialism does not imply that one favors socialism over its alternatives.) Below is a graph showing the poll results for several majors. source: College Pulse You can read more about the poll here and see some demographic details here. The post The Political Views of Philosophy Majors appeared first on Daily Nous.

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News source: Daily Nous

Gender, Topics, and Publication: Clues from Political Science?

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A new study in political science provides evidence for an explanation of why “women are more likely to leave the profession than men” and why “those who stay are promoted at lower rates.” The study, “You Research Like a Girl: Gendered Research Agendas and Their Implications,” looks at the gender distribution of authors on various topics in political science and then checks to see how well those topics are discussed in top political science journals. The authors, Ellen M. Key (Appalachian State) and Jane Lawrence Sumner (Minnesota), used dissertation topics in political science to determine the gender distribution on specific topics and created the following chart depicting them: from “You Research Like a Girl: Gendered Research Agendas and Their Implications” by Ellen M. Key and Jane Lawrence Sumner They then asked, “Are topics most favored by women less likely to appear in top journals?” adding: If this were true, it could provide an explanation for the leaky pipeline. That is, if women pursue topics that—for whatever reason—are less likely to be published in major journals than topics pursued by men, they may fare less well in tenure and promotion and therefore be less likely to be promoted or more likely to leave the discipline. If “appearing in the top three journals” is also a heuristic for being valued by the field as a whole, this could indicate that topics written about more often by women may be less valued by hiring committees, suggesting another pathway by which women may leave the discipline. They looked at three top journals—American Political Science Review (APSR), American Journal of Political Science (AJPS), and Journal of Politics (JOP) for the years 2000–2018—and found that “topics favored by women tend to appear at low rates in these journals, whereas topics favored by men appear at fairly high rates.” Might there be a similar phenomenon in. . .

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News source: Daily Nous

Epiphenomenal Mind: An Integrated Outlook on Sensations, Beliefs, and Pleasures,

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2019.07.08 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews William S. Robinson, Epiphenomenal Mind: An Integrated Outlook on Sensations, Beliefs, and Pleasures, Routledge, 2019, 202pp., $140.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781138351370. Reviewed by Richard Fumerton, University of Iowa Any philosopher interested in the philosophy of mind should read William S. Robinson's book. It is a clear, thoughtful, well-argued, and sophisticated discussion of how to understand our talk about such mental states as sensation, belief, and pleasure. Robinson takes the arguments where they lead him, and they lead him to provide a quite different analysis of sensation from the one he offers of belief and other intentional states. In Chapters 1 through 4, the emphasis is on sensations. Here Robinson rejects various attempts to identify sensations with physical states or functional states realized only by physical phenomena. The dualism he defends is a form of epiphenomenalism. While Robinson thinks we must embrace the fact that we cannot successfully reduce sensations... Read More

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Mike’s Free Map Collection #6

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Description This royalty free map collection contains 39 free color maps including towers, ruins, dungeons, outdoor encounters and more. Each map has a version with a grid and one without. The PDF files allows you to easily view the maps, the ZIP file contains the JPEG versions.  Legal Information You may reduce, enlarge, re-label, crop or color the maps. The creator’s name (“Michael LaBossiere”) must be included in the final published maps if it appears in the original maps. You may not resell these maps. If you use this image in a publication (digital, print or otherwise) you must include this statement: “Some maps copyright Michael C. LaBossiere, used with permission.” The fallen tree and fungus symbols used in some maps were created by Neyjour and are used with permission. https://www.dmsguild.com/product/282716/Mikes-Free-Maps-Collection-6

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News source: A Philosopher's Blog

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