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World Logic Day

Today is World Logic Day. Created by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), it was first celebrated in 2019. Held annually on January 14th, World Logic Day was established to “bring the intellectual history, conceptual significance and practical implications of logic to the attention of interdisciplinary science communities and the broader public.” The celebration aims at fostering international cooperation, promoting the development of logic, in both research and teaching, supporting the activities of associations, universities and other institutions involved with logic, and enhancing public understanding of logic and its implications for science, technology and innovation.  According to Audrey Azoulay, Director General of UNESCO, the date of of January 14th was selected in honour of two great logicians of the twentieth century: Kurt Gödel and Alfred Tarski. Gödel, who died on 14 January 1978, established the incompleteness theorem, which transformed the study of logic in the twentieth century. Tarski, who was born on 14 January 1901, developed theories which interacted with those of Gödel. There’s some more information about the day here. For World Logic Day I’ve gathered some logic-related posts from over the past few years at Daily Nous, starting with this: These drawings of logicians, initially posted about here, are by Matt Leadbetter. They were commissioned by the Open Logic Project, the home of a [More]

Summer Programs in Philosophy for Graduate Students – 2020

This is a post for the listing of summer programs in philosophy for graduate students. If you are organizing such a program, please add a comment to this post that includes the program name, dates, location, contact information, application deadline, a description of the program, and a link to further information, like so: Central European University Summer Schools in Philosophy 1 – Identity: Logic and Metaphysics July 27 – August 1, 2020 CEU Budapest Campus Application Deadline: February 14, 2020 Description: This 6-day research-oriented course is designed to familiarize participants with the latest advances in the philosophical debates about identity and related matters. The specific topics to be discussed will be the logic of identity and identity and modality; identity and essence; identity and indiscernibility; time, composition and identity; and personal identity. The course will be delivered by five leaders in their fields, and they will not only introduce those topics but also discuss their latest research on them. Participants will not only be able to interact with the course faculty in the classroom, but also during course breaks, and during lunch and dinner. The course will follow a seminar format, and classes will be interactive with active involvement from the participants. There will be readings assigned for each class and the participants will be expected to familiarize themselves with the topics by reading the material. The course is open to [More]

Hilary Putnam on mind and meanings – Philosopher of the Month

Hilary Putnam was an American philosopher who was trained originally in the tradition of logical positivism. He was one of the most influential philosophers of science of the twentieth century and had an impact on philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, epistemology and metaphysics. The post Hilary Putnam on mind and meanings – Philosopher of the Month appeared first on OUPblog.         Related StoriesPhilosopher of the Month – A 2019 ReviewThomas Kuhn and the paradigm shift – Philosopher of the MonthWomen on the front lines: Military service, combat and [More]

Hausman from Wisconsin to Rutgers; Antony Gets Long-Term Visiting Position

Dan Hausman, currently the Herbert A. Simon and Hilldale Professor in the Department of Philosophy at University of Wisconsin-Madison, will be moving to Rutgers University. At Rutgers, Dr. Hausman will be Research Professor of Bioethics in the Rutgers’ new Center for Population Level Bioethics, and hold a secondary appointment in the university’s department of philosophy (half his teaching will be in the philosophy department). Hausman is known for his work in philosophy of economics and the philosophy of health and health care. He takes up his new position at Rutgers this coming Fall, and will be there for six years. Rutgers has also hired Louise Antony, professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, as a Distinguished Visiting Professor. She will teach one graduate seminar at Rutgers each year at for (at least) the next five years. Professor Antony is known for her work in a variety of areas, including philosophy of mind, feminist philosophy, and philosophy of religion. Her appointment at Rutgers will begin in the 2020-21 academic year. (via Dean Zimmerman) The post Hausman from Wisconsin to Rutgers; Antony Gets Long-Term Visiting Position appeared first on Daily [More]

2019: A Look Back

What news and issues concerning the philosophy profession received the most attention in 2019? Among last year’s top stories were a philosopher’s punishment for sexual harassment, the rallying of academics worldwide to defend the study of philosophy in a country in which it was under attack, philosophers commenting on a provocative physics experiment, the philosophy profession’s handling of issues concerning transgender persons, correlations with majoring in philosophy, and others. The single most-viewed post at Daily Nous this year reported that well-known philosopher John Searle was stripped of his emeritus status by the University of California, Berkeley, after having been found to have violated the university’s sexual harassment policies. This was the only major news story about sexual harassment in philosophy this year. Related stories included students protesting what they took to be universities’ failures to adequately respond to sexual harassment (here for example, and #5 here). Also, Janice Dowell and David Sobel (Syracuse) wrote a two-part post on sexual harassment and philosophy (part one, part two). (And there was also item #3, here.) Philosophers around the world were jolted by the announcement this past April from Jair M. Bolsonaro, the president of Brazil, of his plan to stop government funding of philosophy and sociology in the nation’s public universities, and over 5000 academics signed a letter in response, authored by Sergio [More]

Philosophy Foundation Co-Founder Recognized in New Years Honours

Emma Worley, co-founder and co-chief executive officer of The Philosophy Foundation, was named a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) as part of the 2020 New Years Honours. The New Year Honours are issued in the name of Queen Elizabeth to recognize people in various domains for their noteworthy achivements. Ms. Worley was officially recognized “for services to innovation” in philosophy and education. She co-founded The Philosophy Foundation with her husband Peter Worley in 2007. The mission of the foundation is “to bring understanding, wisdom and eudaimonia (flourishing) to the heart of education for children and adults.” It does so mainly through bringing philosophy to schools at the pre-college level, communities, and workplaces. According to a press release from the foundation, it is “the only charity in the world that specifically employs Philosophy graduates to do Philosophy with children, training Philosophy graduates to be able to do Philosophy in schools from nursery up to 18 using a specific methodology developed over years of practice and research in the classroom.” Ms. Worley “has helped grow the organisation from a one-person start up to a charity that has international recognition, directly reaching between 4,000-6,000 beneficiaries in schools every year as well as local community groups. Over the last couple of years The Philosophy Foundation has expanded to Canada and Europe, and Emma has helped build [More]

Fascism

While the term “fascism” has been around quite some time, it has enjoyed a resurgence proportional to the attention given to the alt right. Since the term has a strong negative connotation it is used across the American political spectrum in attempts to cast opponents in a negative light. Both Bush and Obama were called [More]

Philosophy Haiku 2019 (guest post by Eliran Haziza)

Eliran Haziza, a philosophy graduate student at the University of Toronto, wrote a haiku-detecting program and ran it on philosophy texts. He previously shared some of the wonderful results with us in a comment on a previous post earlier this year. This time, his program scanned around 3000 papers from 33 philosophy journals that were published either online or in print in 2019 (he notes that in some journals, papers that were published in print in 2019 had already been published online 2 or 3 years earlier). He says: “My program found several thousand haiku. Many were automatically filtered out. I saved around 200 that were decent. I hand picked the 25 best. Some are funny. Some are absurd. Some are just too good. Overall they paint a certain picture of academic philosophy.”     Philosophy Haiku 2019 by Eliran Haziza   • • • Distress. An agent has to decide how to act when much is at stake. — Yitzhak Benbaji & Susanne Burri “Civilian Immunity Without the Doctrine of Double Effect” Utilitas • • • Tim and Tom both work at Chase bank, far away from a river with geese. — Travis Timmerman “A dilemma for Epicureanism” Philosophical Studies • • • Suppose I throw a cat at a window, causing the window to break. — Naomi Thompson “Is Building Built?” Analysis • • • There are oranges on the table that number both two and one half. — Eric Snyder & Jefferson Barlew “How To Count 2½ Oranges” Australasian Journal of Philosophy • • • If the water in the lake [More]

Sarah Moss Wins Sanders Epistemology Prize

Sarah Moss, professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan, has won the 2019 Sanders Prize in Epistemology. The Sanders Prize in Epistemology is awarded for the best submitted essay of original research in epistemology by either a scholar who is within fifteen years of receiving a Ph.D. or a current graduate student. Professor Moss won the prize for her essay, “Knowledge and Legal Proof.” Here’s the paper’s abstract: Contemporary legal scholarship on evidence and proof addresses a host of apparently disparate questions: What does it take to prove a fact beyond a reasonable doubt? Why is the reasonable doubt standard notoriously elusive, even sometimes considered by courts to be impossible to define? Can the standard of proof by a preponderance of the evidence be defined in terms of probability thresholds? Why is merely statistical evidence often insufficient to meet the burden of proof? This paper defends an account of proof that addresses each of these questions. Where existing theories take a piecemeal approach to these puzzles, my theory develops a core insight that unifies them—namely, the thesis that legal proof requires knowledge. Although this thesis may seem radical at first, I argue that it is in fact highly intuitive; in fact, the knowledge account of legal proof does better than several competing accounts when it comes to making sense of our intuitive judgments about what legal proof requires. The prize is $5,000 and [More]

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