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How and why to study folk epistemology

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Folk epistemology may be roughly characterized as the (mostly tacit) principles, presuppositions, and principles that involve epistemological notions such as knowledge, evidence, justification etc. Folk epistemological notions have not been as empirically well-studied as folk psychological notions such as belief, desire, and intention. Consequently, epistemologists and psychologists have until recently worked in relative isolation. As explained in On Folk Epistemology: How we think and talk about knowledge, the rapidly changing dynamic of the study has raised methodological questions. Just as our folk psychological judgments may be biased, so may our folk epistemological judgments: Since humans have limited cognitive capacity, we rely heavily on heuristics–cognitive shortcuts by which we form intuitive judgments on the fly. Such heuristics are generally useful because they are cost-effective and reasonably accurate. But they are associated with biases–roughly, systematic patterns of. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

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