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Franz Brentano: 100 years after

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Franz Brentano died on the 17 of March 1917. His main work Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (1874) combines an Aristotelian view of the mind with empiricist methodology inspired by the likes of William Hamilton and John Stuart Mill. Brentano’s philosophical program was to show that every concept can ultimately be derived from perceptions: he was a concept empiricist. In Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, the program is applied to the concept of the mental in general, as well to as notions of particular mental phenomena. When one takes Brentano’s empirical standpoint, one relies on consciousness or inner perception as an empirical source of knowledge. In Psychology Brentano claimed that intentionality is the feature that all and only mental phenomena have. This thesis captured the imagination of several generations of philosophers. So what is intentionality? Consider Brentano’s own illustration to get the initial idea: In presentation something is presented, in judgement. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

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