The Multiple Realization Book

2016.12.12 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro, The Multiple Realization Book, Oxford University Press, 2016, 258pp., $35.00 (pbk),
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2016.12.12 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro, The Multiple Realization Book, Oxford University Press, 2016, 258pp., $35.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780198779896. Reviewed by Janet Levin, University of Southern California This is an interesting and provocative book. It brings together work that Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro have been doing since 2000, both jointly and individually, to clarify (and criticize) the contention that mental states are multiply realized (or at least multiply realizable) by different types of physical states. The thesis that mental states are multiply realized was initially proposed as an objection to the type-identity theory (introduced mid- 20th century by U.T. Place, J.J.C. Smart, and Herbert Feigl), which holds that each type of mental state (or at least each type of sensation) is identical with some type of neural state or process, e.g. 'pain = C-fiber stimulation'. Although many. . .

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