The origins of political order

What importance do the civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean have for us? This question has been answered in different ways over the centuries, but for a long time the cultures of ancient
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What importance do the civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean have for us? This question has been answered in different ways over the centuries, but for a long time the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome have been attractive as a baseline and a model, be it in economic, aesthetic, cultural, military, or political terms. Nowhere has the impact of the classics been more pronounced than in political theory: ideas about government and political order were first developed by Greek thinkers, and the institutions and laws of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire have left far-reaching traces in European history. While there had always existed a strand of thinking which admired the early Roman Republic for its military valor and its austere virtue, there had also developed a tradition with a very different focus on the late Roman Republic. Paradoxically, this tradition was interested first and foremost in the Republic’s crisis, civil wars and eventual collapse into military despotism.. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

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