Positive and Negative Liberty

[Revised entry by Ian Carter on August 2, 2016. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Negative liberty is the absence of obstacles, barriers or constraints. One has negative liberty to the extent
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[Revised entry by Ian Carter on August 2, 2016. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Negative liberty is the absence of obstacles, barriers or constraints. One has negative liberty to the extent that actions are available to one in this negative sense. Positive liberty is the possibility of acting - or the fact of acting - in such a way as to take control of one's life and realize one's fundamental purposes. While negative liberty is usually attributed to individual agents, positive liberty is sometimes attributed to collectivities, or to individuals considered primarily as members of given collectivities....

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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