Baruch Spinoza

[Revised entry by Steven Nadler on July 4, 2016. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Bento (in Hebrew, Baruch; in Latin, Benedictus) Spinoza is one of the most important philosophers - and
Philosophy News image
[Revised entry by Steven Nadler on July 4, 2016. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Bento (in Hebrew, Baruch; in Latin, Benedictus) Spinoza is one of the most important philosophers - and certainly the most radical - of the early modern period. His thought combines a commitment to a number of Cartesian metaphysical and epistemological principles with elements from ancient Stoicism, Hobbes, and medieval Jewish rationalism into a nonetheless highly original system. His extremely naturalistic views on God, the world, the human being and knowledge serve to ground a moral philosophy centered on the control of the passions leading to virtue and happiness. They also lay the foundations for a strongly democratic political thought and a deep critique of the pretensions of Scripture and sectarian religion. Of all the philosophers of the seventeenth-century, perhaps none have more relevance today than Spinoza. 1. Biography 2. Ethics...

Continue reading . . .

News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

blog comments powered by Disqus