Equality of Opportunity

[Revised entry by Richard Arneson on March 25, 2015. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Equality of opportunity is a political ideal that is opposed to caste hierarchy but not to hierarchy per
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[Revised entry by Richard Arneson on March 25, 2015. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Equality of opportunity is a political ideal that is opposed to caste hierarchy but not to hierarchy per se. The background assumption is that a society contains a hierarchy of more and less desirable, superior and inferior positions. Or there may be several such hierarchies. In a caste society, the assignment of individuals to places in the social hierarchy is fixed by birth. The child acquires the social status of his or her parents at least if their union is socially sanctioned. Social mobility may be possible in a caste...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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