Knowledge by Acquaintance vs. Description

[Revised entry by Ali Hasan and Richard Fumerton on March 10, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The terminology is most clearly associated with Bertrand Russell, but the distinction
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[Revised entry by Ali Hasan and Richard Fumerton on March 10, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] The terminology is most clearly associated with Bertrand Russell, but the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description is arguably a critical component of classical or traditional versions of foundationalism. Let us say that one has inferential or nonfoundational knowledge that p when one's knowledge that p depends on one's knowledge of some other proposition(s) from which one can legitimately infer p; and one has foundational or noninferential knowledge that p when...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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