Tiantai Buddhism

[New Entry by Brook Ziporyn on November 19, 2014.] Tiantai is the name of a mountain and surrounding geographical location in China, literally meaning "platform of the sky", but the term is
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[New Entry by Brook Ziporyn on November 19, 2014.] Tiantai is the name of a mountain and surrounding geographical location in China, literally meaning "platform of the sky", but the term is traditionally used to denote a particular school of Mahāyāna Buddhism with historical connections to that locale. In this article, the term "Tiantai" will be used to refer to the philosophical ideas developed from the sixth to...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Why You Should (Probably) Not Be A Professor

http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/463246869 While I like being a professor, I am obligated to give a warning to those considering this career path. To be specific, I would warn you to reconsider.
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http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/463246869 While I like being a professor, I am obligated to give a warning to those considering this career path. To be specific, I would warn you to reconsider. This is not because I fear the competition (I am a tenured full professor, so I won’t be competing with anyone for a job). It is not because I have turned against my profession to embrace anti-intellectualism or some delusional ideology about the awfulness of professors. It is not even due to disillusionment. I still believe in education and the value of educators. My real reason is altruism and honesty: I want potential professors to know the truth because it will benefit them. I now turn to the reasons. First, there is the cost. In order to be a professor, you will need a terminal degree in the field—typically a Ph.D. This means that you will need to first get a B.A. or B.S. first and college is rather expensive these days. Student debt, as the media has been pointing out, it is at a. . .

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News source: Talking Philosophy

Who killed Van Gogh?

The case for Van Gogh’s suicide is tarnished by bad history, bad psychology, and bad forensics. So if he didn’t shoot himself, who did?…
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The case for Van Gogh’s suicide is tarnished by bad history, bad psychology, and bad forensics. So if he didn’t shoot himself, who did?… more»

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Sympathy for censorship

East German censors saw their role as enabling literature, not suppressing it. That’s not to say, of course, that texts weren’t rejected as “late bourgeois”…
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East German censors saw their role as enabling literature, not suppressing it. That’s not to say, of course, that texts weren’t rejected as “late bourgeois”… more»

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Medieval Theories of Obligationes

[Revised entry by Paul Vincent Spade and Mikko Yrjönsuuri on November 18, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html] Obligationes (literally, "obligations") or disputations de
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[Revised entry by Paul Vincent Spade and Mikko Yrjönsuuri on November 18, 2014. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html] Obligationes (literally, "obligations") or disputations de obligationibus were a medieval disputation format that became very widespread in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Although their name might suggest they had something especially to do...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Laurance S. Rockefeller Visiting Professor for Distinguished Teaching

Job List:  Americas Name of institution:  Princeton University - University Center for
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Job List: 
Americas
Name of institution: 
Princeton University - University Center for Human Values
Town: 
Princeton, New Jersey
Country: 

Health Improvement vs. Treatment

Appeals to quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) in medical resource allocation decisions are naturally supported by a broadly utilitarian view of the role of health institutions, i.e. as having the
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Appeals to quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) in medical resource allocation decisions are naturally supported by a broadly utilitarian view of the role of health institutions, i.e. as having the purpose of improving social welfare (via health improvement) as much as possible.  But is that the right view to have? My colleague Mary recently pressed me on an intuitive alternative conception of healthcare as aiming at treating localized health problems rather than yielding global health benefits to patients.  Might that be a better view?When contrasting the views, two major points of difference seem noteworthy. The first is that the "Treatment" view depends upon (and reinforces) the commonsense distinction between treatment (restoring you to "normal" health) and enhancement (as going beyond "normal" health), whereas on the "Improvement" view, we simply consider the benefit to be gained from a given health intervention, with no need to compare it against any. . .

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News source: Philosophy, et cetera

Scepticism and Perceptual Justification

2014.11.21 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Dylan Dodd and Elia Zardini (eds.), Scepticism and Perceptual Justification, Oxford University Press, 2014, 363pp., $74.00 (hbk),
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2014.11.21 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Dylan Dodd and Elia Zardini (eds.), Scepticism and Perceptual Justification, Oxford University Press, 2014, 363pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199658343. Reviewed by Kelly Becker, University of New Mexico This is a volume of excellent new essays whose arguments and ideas were test-run at events organized by the Basis Knowledge Project, housed primarily at St. Andrews, and whose Principal Investigator was Crispin Wright. One can orient oneself to the action that animates this book by reflecting on possible responses to Moore's "Proof of an External World." (1) Here are two hands. (2) If hands exist, then there is an external world. (3) Therefore, there is an external world (and thus I'm not subject to a massive deception). Mooreanism is the position that the proof is sound, that its presenter knows that it's sound -- that it is valid and has true premises -- and that thereby its presenter can gain justification. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Invention of the Jewish Nose

Whether tapered, snout-like, or hooked, the Jewish nose displays a remarkably diverse history in Christian art…
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Whether tapered, snout-like, or hooked, the Jewish nose displays a remarkably diverse history in Christian art… more»

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Working On My Novel

It’s OK to say, “I’m working on a novel”; it’s inadvisable to say, “I’m working on my novel.” The distinction interesting, but is it an art project?…
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It’s OK to say, “I’m working on a novel”; it’s inadvisable to say, “I’m working on my novel.” The distinction interesting, but is it an art project?… more»

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily