Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Personalism

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[Revised entry by Thomas D. Williams and Jan Olof Bengtsson on May 11, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Although it was only in the first half of the twentieth century that the term 'personalism' became known as a designation of philosophical schools and systems, personalist thought had developed throughout the nineteenth century as a reaction to perceived depersonalizing elements in Enlightenment rationalism, pantheism, Hegelian absolute idealism, individualism as well as collectivism in politics, and materialist, psychological, and evolutionary determinism. In its various strains, personalism always underscores the centrality of the person as the primary locus of investigation for...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Marin Mersenne

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[New Entry by Philippe Hamou on May 11, 2018.] The Minim friar Marin Mersenne (1588 - 1648) played a central role in French intellectual life of the first half of the seventeenth century. At a time when scientific periodicals were still sorely lacking, he was rightly referred to as "The Secretary of Learned Europe" ("le secretaire de l'Europe savante", Haureau 1877, p. 177) thanks to his sprawling correspondence, which extended his network across the whole of learned Europe, to his role as translator, editor, disseminator of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Climate Science

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[New Entry by Wendy Parker on May 11, 2018.] Climate science investigates the structure and dynamics of earth's climate system. It seeks to understand how global, regional and local climates are maintained as well as the processes by which they change over time. In doing so, it employs observations and theory from a variety of domains, including meteorology, oceanography, physics, chemistry and more. These resources also inform the development of computer models of the climate system, which are a mainstay of climate research today. This entry provides an overview of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Nature of Philosophy

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2018.05.09 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Scott F. Aikin and Robert B. Talisse, Pragmatism, Pluralism, and the Nature of Philosophy, Routledge, 2018, 262 pp., $140.00, ISBN 9780415793551. Reviewed by Alexander Klein, California State University Long Beach At the core of this book are a philosophical idea and a bitter inter-personal rivalry. The idea is compelling and worth exploring; the inter-personal rivalry is not. Let me explain. In 2005 Aikin and Talisse published a provocative article called "Why Pragmatists Cannot Be Pluralists". Their main argument is repeated and improved upon in chapter 10 of their new book. They begin by characterizing value pluralism as the view that there is no single source of value (such as human happiness or flourishing or whatever), and that as a result some rival goods will be inherently incommensurable. "One implication of pluralism," they then point out, "is that there can be conflicts among values that do... . . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

The Pavel Haas, remixed

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Photo: Marco Borggreve Sadly we can’t get to the Wigmore Hall concert tonight to hear the Pavel Haas for the first time in their (wonderfully promising) new line up. It must have been a great blow to them when their founder violist Pavel Nikl had to leave the Quartet in 2016 because of family illness. His replacement Radim Sedmidubský is a fine player, but somehow (to me at any rate) he never felt an entirely comfortable fit for the quartet; and, for whatever reason, he left at the end of 2017. The Pavel Haas played a few concerts with Pavel Nikl again, but he hasn’t been able to rejoin them. And so they teamed up with the young composer/conductor/violist Jiří Kabát, and played a few concerts earlier in year, and he has now officially joined the Quartet. Every sign is that this promises to be a happy match with another very serious and gifted musician who can play with the intense commitment of the other three. Though that’s too solemn a way to put it —  a. . .

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News source: Logic Matters

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