So you want to have a baby. Why leave anything -- gender, intelligence, personality, propensity for disease -- to chance? Welcome to the future of <strong>sex-free reproduction</strong>

So you want to have a baby. Why leave anything -- gender, intelligence, personality, propensity for disease -- to chance? Welcome to the future of sex-free
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So you want to have a baby. Why leave anything -- gender, intelligence, personality, propensity for disease -- to chance? Welcome to the future of sex-free reproduction

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Do wealth and status turn decent people into incorrigible brutes? An inquiry into the <strong>moral conduct of powerful people</strong>

Do wealth and status turn decent people into incorrigible brutes? An inquiry into the moral conduct of powerful
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Do wealth and status turn decent people into incorrigible brutes? An inquiry into the moral conduct of powerful people

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

2016.05.17 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jacqueline Broad, The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue, Oxford University Press, 2015, 205pp., $70.00
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2016.05.17 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jacqueline Broad, The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue, Oxford University Press, 2015, 205pp., $70.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198716815. Reviewed by Penny Weiss, St. Louis University It is hard to believe that it was only in 1986 that the first two modern books on Mary Astell were published, one a biography, the other a collection of complete and excerpted works. In the 30 years since, all of Astell's major writings have been made available, several with substantive introductions, and three monographs, an anthology of critical essays, and dozens of academic articles from multiple disciplines have been published. We can now add to the growing list this book by Jacqueline Broad, who has mastered and engages with all of this primary and secondary literature. Broad is the first to read Astell's texts as parts of "a united and consistent" (5) philosophical system with a moral theory at its. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Burglars remake the built environment to conform to their own needs, upending basic assumptions about <strong>how buildings work</strong>.

Burglars remake the built environment to conform to their own needs, upending basic assumptions about how buildings
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Burglars remake the built environment to conform to their own needs, upending basic assumptions about how buildings work.

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Hazel Elizabeth Hester was a file clerk, an Air Force veteran, and a hoarder. She was also a <strong>pen pal</strong> of Flannery O&rsquo;Connor and Iris Murdoch

Hazel Elizabeth Hester was a file clerk, an Air Force veteran, and a hoarder. She was also a pen pal of Flannery O&amp;rsquo;Connor and Iris
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Hazel Elizabeth Hester was a file clerk, an Air Force veteran, and a hoarder. She was also a pen pal of Flannery O’Connor and Iris Murdoch

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Hilary Putnam and the mind of Aristotle

Aristotle’s ideas had been dismissed in many quarters of the philosophical world as expressions of a bygone pre-scientific age. But Putnam saw through the dismissive haze to the empirically- and
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Few people have influenced contemporary philosophy of mind as profoundly as the late Hilary Putnam. One of his best known contributions was the formulation of functionalism. As he understood it, functionalism claims that mental states are functional states—postulates of abstract descriptions, like those employed in computer science, which ignore a system’s physical details and focus instead on the ways it correlates inputs with outputs. Psychological descriptions in particular focus on the ways a system correlates sensory inputs with behavioral outputs, and mental states are the internal states that correlate the two. By the mid-1970s functionalism had become the dominant outlook in philosophy of mind. But Putnam, showing his characteristic independence of mind, became dissatisfied with the view. He did not retreat to substance dualism or idealism. He was convinced that we are physical beings whose capacities are essentially embodied in the physical mechanisms that compose us, yet he. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

Liberating Content

2016.05.16 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore, Liberating Content, Oxford University Press, 2015, 303pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN
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2016.05.16 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore, Liberating Content, Oxford University Press, 2015, 303pp., $74.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199641338. Reviewed by Lenny Clapp, Northern Illinois University This is a collection of fourteen papers written over the past two decades by Herman Cappelen and/or Ernie Lepore; ten of the papers were co-authored by Cappelen and Lepore, two were single-authored by Cappelen, and two were single-authored by Lepore. The book is divided into two distinct, though related, series: the "Alleged Connection" series and the "Varieties of Quotation" series. The ten papers in the "Alleged Connection" series all address, in one way or another, a puzzle that arises from two general observations concerning linguistic communication: On the one hand, the contents we communicate to one another by uttering sentences are shaped in all kinds of ways by the context we are in when we speak -- e.g., by the topic of. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Advances in Proof-Theoretic Semantics

2016.05.15 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Thomas Piecha and Peter Schroeder-Heister (eds.), Advances in Proof-Theoretic Semantics, Springer, 2016, 283pp., $59.99 (hbk),
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2016.05.15 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Thomas Piecha and Peter Schroeder-Heister (eds.), Advances in Proof-Theoretic Semantics, Springer, 2016, 283pp., $59.99 (hbk), ISBN 9783319226859. Reviewed by Greg Restall, The University of Melbourne What could you mean by the term "proof-theoretic semantics" (PTS)? At first glance, it could mean either the semantics of proof theory, or perhaps it's more likely to mean semantics conducted using the tools of proof theory. And that's the enterprise that the fifteen authors intend to advance in the sixteen papers in this edited collection. The last 70 years has seen the development of a large body of work in formal semantics -- of the tools and techniques of logic finding their way to illuminate and inform semantics of natural language. In this process, not all tools of logic have played an equal part in the application of logic to language. Logic, as the discipline has grown over the 20th and into the. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

<strong>Allegory</strong> first appeared in the waning years of the Roman Empire. It is a rich and wonderful literary tradition. And it's being ruined.

Allegory first appeared in the waning years of the Roman Empire. It is a rich and wonderful literary tradition. And it&#39;s being
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Allegory first appeared in the waning years of the Roman Empire. It is a rich and wonderful literary tradition. And it's being ruined.

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

The Chart that Explains Everyone

Back in March, 2016 I did an interview about the Dungeons &amp;#38; Dragons alignment system and the real world. Part of this interview appears here:
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Back in March, 2016 I did an interview about the Dungeons & Dragons alignment system and the real world. Part of this interview appears here: http://www.wnyc.org/story/the-chart-that-explains-everyone-character-alignment/ The audio is here: https://www.wnyc.org/radio/#/ondemand/604175.

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News source: Talking Philosophy