Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Cumberland Clark was a Shakespeare scholar, a serious writer and critic, and no fool. Yet he's also the author of reams of ludicrous doggerel. Is he the second-worst poet in English?

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Cumberland Clark was a Shakespeare scholar, a serious writer and critic, and no fool. Yet he's also the author of reams of ludicrous doggerel. Is he the second-worst poet in English?

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Georges Borchardt spent his childhood fleeing Nazis. For the next seven decades, he toiled in the book business. "Did I know I was an agent? Of course not. I really didn’t know what that was”

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Georges Borchardt spent his childhood fleeing Nazis. For the next seven decades, he toiled in the book business. "Did I know I was an agent? Of course not. I really didn’t know what that was”

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News source: Arts & Letters Daily

Real Hallucinations: Psychiatric Illness, Intentionality, and the Interpersonal World

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2018.06.02 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Matthew Ratcliffe, Real Hallucinations: Psychiatric Illness, Intentionality, and the Interpersonal World, MIT Press, 2017, 290 pp., $40.00, ISBN 9780262036719. Reviewed by Nancy Nyquist Potter, University of Louisville How can we account for the fact that some people sense or hear voices that others do not hear, or that some people experience themselves as having thoughts yet are not thinking? How can we best understand what is entailed in the concept of a minimal self? While other writers have theorized about these subjects, Ratcliffe offers a unique and rich phenomenological approach to understanding verbal hallucinations (VH) and thought insertion (TI) that makes a brilliant and significant contribution to these conundrums. The theoretical backbone of Ratcliffe's argument uses the concept of intentionality. Intentionality is a concept in philosophy that concerns mental states such as perceiving, hoping,. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Aristotle on Religion

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2018.06.01 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Mor Segev, Aristotle on Religion, Cambridge University Press, 2017, 192pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781108415255. Reviewed by Lloyd P. Gerson, University of Toronto In this concise and focused monograph, developed out of a Ph.D. dissertation at Princeton, Mor Segev examines Aristotle's views concerning religion both in the poleis of his own time and in his proposed ideal version. Part of the difficulty faced by the author, and acknowledged as such, is that the word "religion" does not correspond exactly to anything in ancient Greek. What Aristotle talks about is the bureaucratic office of epimeleia for ta hiera, approximately the "management of holy matters". Perhaps a contemporary label for such an office would be "ministry of religious affairs". This would include overseeing certain holidays, the construction and care for temples, the provision of priests, and the interface between theological doctrine, on. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Philosopher of the month: Mullā Sadrā [infographic]

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This June, the OUP Philosophy team honours Mullā Sadrā (1571 – 1640) as their Philosopher of the Month. An Iranian Islamic philosopher, Sadrā is recognised as the major process philosopher of the school of Isfahan. Mullā Sadrā is primarily associated with “metaphilosophy,” but also maintains sovereign status as a spiritual leader for the Islamic East. After having spent some time in Isfahan once he finished his formal education, Sadrā retreated to work in solitary in a small village near Qom. Upon his return to his birthplace Shiraz, Sadrā trained students, gained followers, and completed over forty works. His most well-known of those is al-Hikma al-muta’āliya fī al-asfār al-ʿaqliyah al-arba’ā (or The Transcendent Wisdom Concerning the Four Intellectual Journeys), commonly referred to as Asfār or The Four Journeys. This idea of “transcendent wisdom” (al-hikmat al-muta’aliya) is the grand philosophical system of Mullā Sadrā. This system. . .

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News source: OUPblog » Philosophy

Putting modifiers in their place

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Sometimes I misplace things—my sunglasses, a book I’m reading, keys, my phone. Sometimes I misplace words in sentences too, leaving a clause or a phrase where it doesn’t belong. The result is what grammarians call misplaced or dangling modifiers. It’s a sentence fault that textbooks sometimes illustrate with over-the-top, made-up examples like these: Damaged by the storm, the city closed the road for repair. A foil-wrapped behemoth, you need two hands to eat this burrito. When we have a participle like “damaged,” we naturally understand it as modifying the closest noun, which here yields a mismatch. Was the city damaged or the road? The same goes for appositive nouns like “a foil-wrapped behemoth” which, at first glance, seems to refer to “you.” Misplaced modifiers at times find their way into professional publications, like this sentence from a British Medical Journal article on brain freeze: The most common cause of head pain is ice cream, occurring in one third of a randomly. . .

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News source: Linguistics – OUPblog

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