Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Olympiodorus

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[Revised entry by Christian Wildberg on May 18, 2018. Changes to: Bibliography] Olympiodorus of Alexandria, presumably a late pupil of Ammonius Hermeiou, the commentator on Aristotle and teacher of Simplicius and Philoponus, was one of the last pagans to teach philosophy at the school of Alexandria in the 6th century. In his lectures, he interpreted classical philosophical texts, mainly by Plato and Aristotle; we still possess three of his commentaries on Plato and two on Aristotle. At times, these seem to be carefully crafted pieces of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Neo-Kantianism

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[New Entry by Jeremy Heis on May 18, 2018.] Neo-Kantianism was the dominant philosophical movement in Germany from roughly 1870 until the First World War. This movement drew inspiration from a diverse cast of philosophers - principally, Kuno Fischer (Fischer 1860), Hermann von Helmholtz (Helmholtz 1867, 1878), Friedrich Lange (Lange 1866), Otto Liebmann (Liebmann 1865), and Eduard Zeller (Zeller 1862)) - who in the middle of the nineteenth century were calling for a return to Kant's philosophy as an alternative to both speculative metaphysics and materialism (Beiser...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge: Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science

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2018.05.16 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Sorin Bangu (ed.), Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge: Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science, Routledge, 2018, 305 pp., $140.00, ISBN 9781138244108. Reviewed by A.C. Paseau, Oxford University Frege expelled the psychological from the logical. More precisely, he redirected interest away from descriptive-psychological concerns and toward normative ones. Under his influence, philosophers have tended to ask not how we actually reason mathematically or logically, but rather how we ought to reason. In contrast, psychologists and cognitive scientists have vigorously pursued the un- and anti-Fregean investigation of how human beings in fact reason. Their research of the past few decades has generated a wealth of findings and hypotheses about what goes on in mathematical, especially numerical, cognition. In the name of 'cooperative naturalism', Sorin Bangu has put together a first-rate. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

The Social Life of Reason

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2018.05.15 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Andrew Feenberg, Technosystem: The Social Life of Reason, Harvard University Press, 2017, 235 pp., $35.00, ISBN 9780674971783. Reviewed by Claudio Corradetti, University of Rome, Tor Vergata Andrew Feenberg has a life research project, namely, the revival of critical theory in line with the premises of the first generation of the Frankfurt School. In this book he moves to reflecting carefully on advanced industrial societies, a topic already addressed by Marcuse, Feenberg's master, in his most celebrated work One-Dimensional Man (1964). For Marcuse, in advanced industrial societies, technological rationality is political rationality.[1] This assumption is also at the basis of Feenberg's proposal. Accordingly, Feenberg wants to renew reflection on advanced industrial societies by appealing to a new conceptual socio-political category: the technosystem. But what specifically does he mean by. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Experiment in Biology

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[Revised entry by Marcel Weber on May 17, 2018. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Like the philosophy of science in general, the philosophy of biology has traditionally been mostly concerned with theories. For a variety of reasons, the theory that has by far attracted the most interest is evolutionary theory. There was a period in the philosophy of biology when this field was almost identical with the philosophy of evolutionary theory, especially if debates on the nature of species are included in this area. From the 1960s almost until the 1990s, basically the only non-evolutionary topic discussed was the issue of...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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