Top News, Articles, and Interviews in Philosophy

Enactivist Interventions: Rethinking the Mind

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2018.07.15 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Shaun Gallagher, Enactivist Interventions: Rethinking the Mind, Oxford University Press, 249 pp., $40.00, ISBN 9780198794325. Reviewed by Rick Grush, UC San Diego Enactivism is one of the central themes in current philosophy of cognitive science, and Shaun Gallagher is among the leading proponents of the approach. These reasons alone would be sufficient for this book to qualify as required reading for anyone wanting to stay current with the subfield. The book provides an excellent and easy-to-read introduction to core issues and overview of the central debates, and it provides some fascinating applications of the framework. And I'm not just saying that -- I've already recommended it to a number of people. I do have a few gripes, but I'll get to those. After an introductory chapter, Chapter 2 takes on... Read More

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Acts, Attitudes, and the Separateness of Persons

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I previously explained how Seth Lazar's first objection to my view was confused. His second, however, is more interesting.  Lazar writes:Chappell thinks the objection has to do only with attitudes. His token-pluralistic utilitarianism can, in its deontic verdicts, be extensionally identical to token-monistic utilitarianism (according to which only aggregate well-being is non-instrumentally valuable), but preferable since it encourages us to adopt the appropriate attitude to the losses inflicted in the pursuit of the overall good. This misunderstands the separateness of persons worry. It has nothing to do with our attitudes: it concerns instead what we ought to do. We ought not assume that benefits to one person can cancel out same-sized costs to another.I agree with that last sentence.  Indeed, that is the heart of my account of the separateness of persons: that we should not treat people as fungible, such that "benefits to one person can cancel out same-sized. . .

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News source: Philosophy, et cetera

Wesley Salmon

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[New Entry by Maria Carla Galavotti on July 13, 2018.] Wesley Charles Salmon (1925 - 2001) was a central figure in twentieth century philosophy of science. Working in the tradition of Hume, Salmon developed a sophisticated version of empiricism combining a genuinely probabilistic approach with realism about theoretical entities. Salmon's writings, characterized by a systematic and crystal-clear style, cover a wide range of topics including logic, the philosophy of space and time, the foundations of probability and scientific inference, rationality, realism, and scientific...

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News source: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Me, You, Us: Essays

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2018.07.14 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews George Sher, Me, You, Us: Essays, Oxford University Press, 2017, 216pp., $74.00, ISBN 9780190660413. Reviewed by Evan Tiffany, Simon Fraser University I first met George Sher in the summer of 2000 at the Social Philosophy and Policy workshop in La Jolla, California, where he was presenting "But I Could Be Wrong," the penultimate essay in this collection. I became an instant fan. I was just a graduate student at the time, but I remember finding it inspirational to witness a prominent member of the profession taking seriously the possibility that our own moral judgments are no more likely to be true or justified than are those of any number of others. To my mind, Sher had identified a problem that was not just academically but existentially significant. As I reread and reflect on that essay, it strikes me that its spirit... Read More

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

Interpreting J.L. Austin: Critical Essays

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2018.07.13 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Interpreting J.L. Austin: Critical Essays, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 238 pp., $99.99 (hbk), ISBN 9781316421840. Reviewed by María de Ponte, University of Seville J.L. Austin was one of the most prominent philosophers of the 20th century, and his influence in subsequent philosophy was, and continues to be, decisive. In many ways, however, the received picture of his philosophy is somewhat simplistic and oftentimes misleading. This simplification comes, I believe, in two forms. On the one hand, Austin's views are sometimes presented as historically relevant, but philosophically obsolete. Take speech act theory, for example. No one would deny the importance of Austin's insights and his decisive role as founder of the theory. Many, however, seem to consider that the subsequent developments in the theory have surpassed Austin's initial considerations, making them historically,. . .

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News source: Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // News

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